TY - JOUR

T1 - Formation of Three-Dimensional Surface Waves on Deep-Water Using Elliptic Solutions of Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation

AU - Mancas, S.C.

AU - Sajjadi, Shahrdad G.

AU - Drullion, Frederique

AU - Mancas, Stefani

PY - 2015/7

Y1 - 2015/7

N2 - A review of three-dimensional waves on deep-water is presented. Three forms of three dimensionality, namely oblique, forced and spontaneous type, are identified. An alternative formulation for these three-dimensional waves is given through cubic nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation. The periodic solutions of the cubic nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation are found using Weierstrass elliptic ℘ functions. It is shown that the classification of solutions depends on the boundary conditions, wavenumber and frequency. For certain parameters, Weierstrass ℘ functions are reduced to periodic, hyperbolic or Jacobi elliptic functions. It is demonstrated that some of these solutions do not have any physical significance. An analytical solution of cubic nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation with wind forcing is also obtained which results in how groups of waves are generated on the surface of deep water in the ocean. In this case the dependency on the energy-transfer parameter, from wind to waves, make either the groups of wave to grow initially and eventually dissipate, or simply decay or grow in time.

AB - A review of three-dimensional waves on deep-water is presented. Three forms of three dimensionality, namely oblique, forced and spontaneous type, are identified. An alternative formulation for these three-dimensional waves is given through cubic nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation. The periodic solutions of the cubic nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation are found using Weierstrass elliptic ℘ functions. It is shown that the classification of solutions depends on the boundary conditions, wavenumber and frequency. For certain parameters, Weierstrass ℘ functions are reduced to periodic, hyperbolic or Jacobi elliptic functions. It is demonstrated that some of these solutions do not have any physical significance. An analytical solution of cubic nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation with wind forcing is also obtained which results in how groups of waves are generated on the surface of deep water in the ocean. In this case the dependency on the energy-transfer parameter, from wind to waves, make either the groups of wave to grow initially and eventually dissipate, or simply decay or grow in time.

UR - https://commons.erau.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1747context=publication

U2 - 10.17654/AAFMJul2015_081_112

DO - 10.17654/AAFMJul2015_081_112

M3 - Article

VL - 18

JO - Advances and Applications in Fluid Dynamics

JF - Advances and Applications in Fluid Dynamics

ER -